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Swedish environmental law is in many parts built on EU-law, but Sweden has had an environmental legislation for many years prior to the Swedish membership to the European union. One example is the legislation regarding water, hydropower and the use of groundwater for which Sweden has had a legal framework dating back more than 100 years and for which there has been special courts of law. These courts have now been transformed into environment courts of law. In contrary to many other European countries, almost all permits regarding the use of water or environmental hazardous activities must be tried in these courts or by the County Board, i.e. Länsstyrelsen. The legal framework for all environment legislation is the Environmental Code (“Miljöbalken” in Swedish).
Swedish employment relations are to a large extent governed by a fluid mix of mandatory law, collective bargain agreements and the individual employment contract. Types of employment are until further notice, probationary (trial period) and fixed-term (several types). The individual employment contract supplements the mandatary legislation and collective agreements and normally covers salary, incentives and benefits, working location, working hours, holiday entitlement, termination and (supplementary) pension benefits.